What is bare ownership and how does it affect owners?

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  3. What is bare ownership and how does it affect owners?

What exactly is void ownership? It represents a unique form of property ownership where the owner, known as the bare owner, holds the legal title to the property but lacks the right to occupy or enjoy it fully. Instead, the right to occupy and derive benefits from the property belongs to another individual, referred to as a usufructuary.

This usufructuary could indeed be the bare owner, but it can also be another party entirely. The usufructuary possesses the right to reside on the property, rent it out, or employ it for various purposes, except for destructive uses.

Should the bare owner decide to sell the property, the usufructuary retains the right to continue living there or using it for non-destructive purposes until the usufructuary rights naturally expire.

Selling the bare property can serve as an attractive option for bare owners in need of liquidity without needing to vacate their property. It can also be advantageous for usufructuaries seeking to acquire property without the obligation to pay the entire purchase price upfront.
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However, it’s essential to be aware of the tax implications associated with selling the bare property. The bare owner will be required to pay taxes on the capital gains arising from the sale, while the beneficial owner (usufructuary) must address tax obligations related to the property’s generated income.

Moreover, there may be legal repercussions. For instance, failure to fulfill tax payments or meet other legal responsibilities could lead to the loss of property rights for the bare owner.

If you are contemplating the sale of such property, it’s advisable to seek guidance from financial and legal advisors to fully grasp the associated risks and benefits.

Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of bare ownership:

Pros of bare ownership:

  • Provides liquidity for bare owners in need of cash.
  • An appealing option for beneficial owners wanting to acquire property without paying the full price.
  • Facilitates the transfer of wealth to heirs without incurring inheritance tax.

Cons of bare ownership:

  • May entail tax implications.
  • May involve legal consequences.
  • Risk of losing property rights for the bare owner if tax or legal obligations are not met.

If you are considering selling the bare ownership of your property, it is crucial to consult with financial and legal advisors to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the potential risks and benefits involved.

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